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HyFlex model of higher education: understanding the promise of flexibility

Emily Howell (Department of Education and Human Development, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, USA)

On the Horizon

ISSN: 1074-8121

Article publication date: 15 August 2022

Issue publication date: 16 November 2022




The purpose of this paper aims to answer the research question: How is the HyFlex model being implemented in higher education, and is it leading to greater access and equity?.


This comprehensive literature review covers 19 sources, 11 studies and 8 practitioner or literature reflections, studying HyFlex.


Seven focused codes formed from 23 initial codes: definition and alignment, implementation, successes, challenges, research, theory, and access and equity.


The HyFlex model arose to address the need of both leaner budgets in higher education and increased demands from students for varied learning options, and this paper addresses the status of this mode and a gap in the research on hybrid forms of higher education.



Howell, E. (2022), "HyFlex model of higher education: understanding the promise of flexibility", On the Horizon, Vol. 30 No. 4, pp. 173-181.



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