Challenges for an SNS-based public sphere in 2016

Kyle John Lorenzano (Edward R. Murrow College of Communication, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, USA)
Miles Sari (Edward R. Murrow College of Communication, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, USA)
Colin Harrell Storm (Edward R. Murrow College of Communication, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, USA)
Samuel Rhodes (Department of Politics, Philosophy, and Public Affairs, Washington State University College of Arts and Sciences, Pullman, Washington, USA)
Porismita Borah (Edward R. Murrow College of Communication, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, USA)

Online Information Review

ISSN: 1468-4527

Publication date: 12 November 2018

Abstract

Purpose

Political polarization and incivility manifested itself online throughout the 2016 US presidential election. The purpose of this paper is to understand how features of social media platforms (e.g. reacting, sharing) impacted the online public sphere during the 2016 election.

Design/methodology/approach

After conducting in-depth interviews with politically interested young people and applying deductive coding procedures to transcripts of the interviews, Dahlberg’s (2004) six normative conditions for the public sphere were used to empirically examine this interview data.

Findings

While some participants described strategies for productive political discussion on Social Networking Sites (SNS) and a willingness to use them to discuss politics, many users’ experiences largely fall short of Dahlberg’s (2004) normative criteria for the public sphere.

Research limitations/implications

The period in which these interviews were conducted in could have contributed to a more pessimistic view of political discussion in general.

Practical implications

Scholars and the public should recognize that the affordances of SNS for political discussion are not distributed evenly between different platforms, both for the sake of empirical studies of SNS moving forward and the state of democratic deliberation.

Originality/value

Although previous research has examined online and SNS-based political discussion as it relates to the public sphere, few attempts have been made understand how specific communicative practices or platform-specific features of SNS have contributed to or detracted from a healthy public sphere.

Keywords

Citation

Lorenzano, K.J., Sari, M., Storm, C.H., Rhodes, S. and Borah, P. (2018), "Challenges for an SNS-based public sphere in 2016", Online Information Review, Vol. 42 No. 7, pp. 1106-1123. https://doi.org/10.1108/OIR-12-2017-0352

Download as .RIS

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below

You may be able to access this content by logging in via Shibboleth, Open Athens or with your Emerald account.
To rent this content from Deepdyve, please click the button.
If you think you should have access to this content, click the button to contact our support team.