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The effect of urban green space on residents' subjective well-being: evidence from Chinese general social survey

Jinjin Zhu (Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang, China)
Xinren Gu (Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang, China)
Lvshui Zhang (Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang, China)
Mei Yang (Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang, China)

Open House International

ISSN: 0168-2601

Article publication date: 29 November 2022




This study aims to explore the effect of urban green space (UGS) on residents' subjective well-being (SWB) among different social groups.


Using national SWB and UGS data obtained from the China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook and the Chinese General Social Survey, a multiple regression model was developed to estimate the effect of UGS on residents' SWB. Grouping regression for samples from distinct socioeconomic groups was performed to further discuss group-wise differences in SWB.


The green coverage rate of built-up areas and the number of parks accessed by every 10,000 individuals are significantly positively correlated with residents' SWB, whereas the green space area per capita and greening investment ratio are significantly negatively correlated with residents' SWB; the effect of UGS on residents' SWB varies among individuals with respect to gender, age, and income, with the most significant difference observed among groups with different incomes.


The empirical results of this study are expected to support the planning and construction of UGS by providing a reference for optimizing their service capabilities and highlighting their positive role in improving residents' SWB.



The authors thank those who participated in this research for contributing their value time and thus enabling a better understanding of the links between UGS and SWB.

Funding: This research was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant number: 31660230).


Zhu, J., Gu, X., Zhang, L. and Yang, M. (2022), "The effect of urban green space on residents' subjective well-being: evidence from Chinese general social survey", Open House International, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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