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The evolution of privacy in contemporary houses in Iran using space syntax techniques: a case study of Kerman

Ali Zabihi (Birjand Branch, Department of Architecture, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran)
Reza Mirzaei (Birjand Branch, Department of Architecture, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran)

Open House International

ISSN: 0168-2601

Article publication date: 24 May 2022

Issue publication date: 3 February 2023

265

Abstract

Purpose

The house not only provides shelter and security but also is a reflection of human privacy. One of the important factors involved in house design is privacy. The current research is a case study that examines privacy's evolution in contemporary houses in Kerman using space syntax techniques.

Design/methodology/approach

This study is based on the quantitative approach of space syntax. A total number of 15 houses in Kerman built in three periods of Qajar, Pahlavi and the Islamic Republic, were examined for the space syntax indices using UCL DepthMap. The DepthMap outputs were also analyzed using one-way ANOVA.

Findings

The findings indicated that the arrangement of spaces in houses has altered over time from the 1920s onwards. There is a significant difference between houses of the Qajar, Pahlavi and the Islamic Republic eras, indicating a reduction in the hierarchy of access and reduced privacy in houses in the Islamic Republic.

Research limitations/implications

Numerous factors affect privacy (e.g. confidentiality, interface spaces, quality of openings and visibility). Nevertheless, this study focused on the impact of spatial configuration on privacy. It can be stated that the design of houses from the Pahlavi period was gradually associated with changes in culture and modern architecture, leading to a decrease in privacy.

Originality/value

This study used space syntax to examine the evolution of privacy in contemporary Iranian houses. Since privacy is a substantial issue in the middle east communities, the findings can help designers and relevant organizations consider privacy as much as other comfort factors in the early stages of design.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Funding: Not applicable

Code availability: UCL Depthmap 10 Software

IBM SPSS Statistical 26.0 software

Consent to participate: Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Conflicts of interest/ Competing interests: The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare that are relevant to the content of this article.

Citation

Zabihi, A. and Mirzaei, R. (2023), "The evolution of privacy in contemporary houses in Iran using space syntax techniques: a case study of Kerman", Open House International, Vol. 48 No. 1, pp. 55-80. https://doi.org/10.1108/OHI-01-2022-0025

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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