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Malnutrition in Ethiopia: pattern analysis and associated factors among under-five children

Reta Lemessa (Department of Statistics, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia)
Gudeta Aga (Department of Statistics, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia)
Ararso Tafese (Department of Public Health, College of Health Sciences and Medicine, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia)
Temesgen Senbeto (Department of Statistics, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia)

Nutrition & Food Science

ISSN: 0034-6659

Article publication date: 31 August 2022

Issue publication date: 28 February 2023

154

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine the differences within individuals and clusters in nutritional status and identify socioeconomic factors in the nutritional status of under-five children in Ethiopia.

Design/methodology/approach

A weighted sub-sample of 5,270 under-five children was drawn from the under-five children data set of the Ethiopian 2019 Mini Demographic and Health Survey. Multilevel modeling was used to look at the association between the nutritional status of children with predictors.

Findings

The proportion of stunting, underweight and wasting among under-five children were 39.3%, 28.6% and 16.3%, respectively. The observed Global Moran Index’s value for child malnutrition (stunting, wasting and underweight) prevalence in Ethiopia were I = 0.204 for stunting, I = 0.152 for wasting and I = 0.195 for underweight at p = 0.000 was statistically significant indicating that spatial variability of malnutrition of under-five children across survey clusters and regions was observed. Moreover, the result of heterogeneity between clusters obtained for stunting, underweight and wasting was significant providing evidence of variation among regional clusters concerning the status of nutrition of under-five children. Child’s age in months, breastfeeding, family educational level, wealth index, place of residence, media access and region were highly significantly associated with childhood malnutrition. The inclusion of the explanatory variables has shown a significant impact on the variation in malnutrition among regions.

Practical implications

Enhance education, expanding the activities regarding nutritional and health services using media, health extension workers, and health institutions.

Originality/value

The study provides the malnutrition situation status of Ethiopian country when the survey carried out.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to all individuals and institutions for providing the necessary information for this work.

Funding: The project was funded by Ambo University.

Data Sharing Statements: The data can be available from the corresponding author based on your request with the email address of “lemireta@yahoo.com”.

Citation

Lemessa, R., Aga, G., Tafese, A. and Senbeto, T. (2023), "Malnutrition in Ethiopia: pattern analysis and associated factors among under-five children", Nutrition & Food Science, Vol. 53 No. 3, pp. 564-577. https://doi.org/10.1108/NFS-12-2021-0393

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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