Chemical and functional properties of fermented, roasted and germinated tamarind (Tamarindus indica) seed flours

Ezekiel Olufunke Oluseyi (Department of Food Technology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria)
Oyesiku Morenike Temitayo (Department of Food Technology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria)

Nutrition & Food Science

ISSN: 0034-6659

Publication date: 9 February 2015

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to focus on the effect of fermentation, roasting and germination on tamarind seed flour.

Design/methodology/approach

Tamarind seeds were treated using three different methods, namely, fermentation, roasting and germination. Fermentation was allowed for four days, roasting was carried out at 180°C at three time regimens of 10, 15 and 20 min and germination was done at 10, 15 and 20 days. Samples were analysed at intervals for proximate composition, antinutritional factors and functional properties using standard methods.

Findings

Protein, crude fat, crude fibre contents and pH increased significantly (p < 0.05) as fermentation progressed, while ash content and carbohydrate reduced. Protein, crude fat and crude fibre contents decreased significantly (p < 0.05) as roasting progressed, while ash content, carbohydrate and pH increased. Protein and crude fibre contents increased significantly (p < 0.05) as germination progressed, while crude fat, ash content, carbohydrate and pH reduced. Processing resulted in significant reduction of the phytate, tannin and trypsin inhibitor.

Practical implications

Processed seeds of Tamarindus indica can be used to fortify local cereals (millet/maize) with other ingredients to produce complementary foods with good nutritional quality and consequently as a tool for meeting community nutritional needs.

Originality/value

The paper has demonstrated effect of fermentation, roasting and germination in enhancement of functional and nutritional properties of tamarind seed flour for utilization as a food ingredient.

Keywords

Citation

Oluseyi, E.O. and Temitayo , O.M. (2015), "Chemical and functional properties of fermented, roasted and germinated tamarind (Tamarindus indica) seed flours", Nutrition & Food Science, Vol. 45 No. 1, pp. 97-111. https://doi.org/10.1108/NFS-11-2013-0131

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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