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Is Acrylamide really a food safety issue?

Daniela Dal Castel Krein (Graduate Program in Food Science and Technology, University of Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil)
Rafaela Julyana Barboza Devos (Graduate Program in Food Science and Technology, University of Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil)
Luciane Maria Colla (Graduate Program in Food Science and Technology, University of Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil)
Christian Oliveira Reinehr (Graduate Program in Food Science and Technology, University of Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil)

Nutrition & Food Science

ISSN: 0034-6659

Article publication date: 28 October 2020

Issue publication date: 9 July 2021

244

Abstract

Purpose

Acrylamide is a compound found in several food products. Due to the toxicity of this compound, research also seeks strategies to modify industrial and homemade processes, impacting on the reduction of the compound. This paper aims to discuss the aspects surrounding the presence of acrylamide in foods.

Design/methodology/approach

Published literature on the presence of acrylamide in foods and on its effects has been reviewed. This paper explores the importance of this compound, summarizes the knowledge of its formation and gathers data on its incidence in food and the possibilities of mitigation. Special attention is given to an evaluation of the toxicological tests applied, to analyze whether acrylamide can be considered as a food safety problem.

Findings

Human exposure to food with high levels of acrylamide varies in their levels regarding the consumption of food in the diet and not only by the level of the compound present in them. Although the compound is well defined as toxic to humans, the association between its intake and most common cancers may not be directly related.

Originality/value

Depending on the approach of the researchers, contradictory results are obtained, showing the importance of this topic to the development of healthy food products. Further research is still needed to validate the potential effects of acrylamide on human health.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This study was financed in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior – Brasil (CAPES) – Finance Code 001.

Citation

Krein, D.D.C., Devos, R.J.B., Colla, L.M. and Reinehr, C.O. (2021), "Is Acrylamide really a food safety issue?", Nutrition & Food Science, Vol. 51 No. 5, pp. 853-865. https://doi.org/10.1108/NFS-09-2020-0341

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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