This paper aims to update with information about edible coating on minimally processed and fresh fruits, focussing on the composition, active ingredients, antimicrobial concentration and their effect on ripening rate, phytonutrients retention and shelf-life of fruits. In future, the data will be helpful for the processors to select the best coating material and its effective concentration for different fresh and minimally processed fruits.
Major scientific information was collected from Scopus, Web of Science, Mendeley and Google Scholar. Several key words such as postharvest, edible coating, phytonutrients, shelf-life enhancement, bioactive compounds, minimally processed fruits and antimicrobial compounds were used to find the data. Relevant information was collected by using 90 recent research and review articles.
The main findings of this comprehensive review are to improve the quality of fruits, to meet the next-generation food security needs. However, in the process of achieving the goal of improving quality of food produce, embrace of synthetic, non-biodegradable packaging materials have increased, creating serious pollution problem. Amidst several alternatives for replacement of synthetic packaging, the option of biodegradable films and coatings showed promising results.
The paper represents recent information about the edible coating used for the enhancement of shelf-life of fresh and minimally processed fruits.
The authors would like to thank Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar, Punjab.
Conflicts of interest: The authors state that there is no conflict of interest.
Sharma, P., Kehinde, B.A., Kaur, S. and Vyas, P. (2019), "Application of edible coatings on fresh and minimally processed fruits: a review", Nutrition & Food Science, Vol. 49 No. 4, pp. 713-738. https://doi.org/10.1108/NFS-08-2018-0246
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