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Comparison of three criteria for metabolic syndrome among Brazilian university students

Roberto Wagner Júnior Freire de Freitas (Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ), Fortaleza, Brazil)
Márcio Flávio Moura de Araújo (Health Institute, The University for International Integration of the Afro Brazilian Lusophony, Acarape, Brazil)
Maria Wendiane Gueiros Gaspar (The University for International Integration of the Afro Brazilian Lusophony, Acarape, Brazil)
José Cláudio Garcia Lira Neto (Federal University of Piauí, Floriano, Brazil)
Ana Maria Parente Garcia Alencar (Regional University of Cariri, Crato, Brazil)
Maria Lúcia Zanetti (University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil)
Marta Maria Coelho Damasceno (Faculty of Pharmacy Dentistry and Nursing, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Brazil)

Nutrition & Food Science

ISSN: 0034-6659

Article publication date: 10 July 2017

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to compare the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) on the basis of three criteria. The diagnostic criteria adopted were those of the International Diabetes Federation, the National Cholesterol Education Program – Adult Treatment Panel III and the American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute..

Design/methodology/approach

A transversal study was undertaken with 691 university students in Fortaleza, Brazil, in 2011-2013.

Findings

The prevalence of MetS varied considerably according to the criteria used, it being 4.1 per cent for the IDF, 0.7 per cent for the NCEP ATPIII and 1.7 per cent for the revised NCEP ATPIII. The criteria of the IDF presented reasonable agreement in relation to the NCEP ATP III (0.294) and revised NCEP ATP III (0.334). Moderate agreement was found between the NCEP ATPIII/revised NCEP ATPIII.

Originality/value

There is a need for a universal diagnostic criterion for MetS to obtain uniform and more reliable data for the elaboration of public health policies.

Keywords

Citation

Freire de Freitas, R.W.J., Moura de Araújo, M.F., Gueiros Gaspar, M.W., Garcia Lira Neto, J.C., Parente Garcia Alencar, A.M., Zanetti, M.L. and Coelho Damasceno, M.M. (2017), "Comparison of three criteria for metabolic syndrome among Brazilian university students", Nutrition & Food Science, Vol. 47 No. 4, pp. 543-552. https://doi.org/10.1108/NFS-08-2016-0126

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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