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Dietary patterns and migraine: are dietary intake and biochemical parameters associated with migraine characteristics?

Hande Bakırhan (Faculty of Health Sciences, Nutrition and Dietetics, Istanbul Medipol University, Istanbul, Turkey)
Hilal Yıldıran (Faculty of Health Sciences, Nutrition and Dietetics, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey)
Tuğba Uyar Cankay (Department of Neurology, Medeniyet University Goztepe Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey)

Nutrition & Food Science

ISSN: 0034-6659

Article publication date: 9 September 2022

Issue publication date: 28 February 2023

149

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to elucidate the relationship between nutritional status and various biochemical parameters and migraine symptoms.

Design/methodology/approach

The disability of individuals aged 19–64 years old with episodic migraine (n = 80, female n = 64, male n = 16) was assessed with the Migraine Disability Assessment Scale, and migraine severity was evaluated with the visual analog scale. The metabolic risks of individuals were determined by analyzing body composition, various biochemical parameters and anthropometric measurements. Nutrients and energy intake levels were measured using the food consumption recording form.

Findings

Body muscle mass percentage was correlated directly with migraine severity and inversely with the attack duration (r = 0.26, p = 0.01 and r = −0.29, p = 0.007, respectively). High bone mass was associated with low attack frequency (r = −0.23, p = 0.03), while high body fat percentage was associated with long attack duration (r = 0.28, p = 0.009). A significant direct correlation was found between total cholesterol level and migraine severity and attack duration (r = 0.25, p = 0.02) and between triglyceride level and attack duration (r = 0.26, p = 0.01). There was a direct correlation between serum thyroxine (T4) level and migraine attack severity (r = 0.23, p = 0.03). There was a significant direct correlation between energy and carbohydrate intake and migraine severity (r = 0.26, p = 0.02 and r = 0.30, p = 0.009, respectively), protein and vitamin B2 intake and attack frequency (r = 0.24, p = 0.03 and r = 0.23, p = 0.04, respectively) and an inverse correlation between monounsaturated fatty acid, fiber and vitamin C intake and migraine severity score (r = −0.35, p = 0.002; r = −0.25, p = 0.02; and r = −0.41, p = 0.001, respectively).

Originality/value

The findings confirm that nutritional status, body composition and some biochemical parameters can affect the course of migraine.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Disclosure statement: The authors declare no potential conflict of interest.

Funding: The authors declare that this study has received no financial support.

Citation

Bakırhan, H., Yıldıran, H. and Uyar Cankay, T. (2023), "Dietary patterns and migraine: are dietary intake and biochemical parameters associated with migraine characteristics?", Nutrition & Food Science, Vol. 53 No. 3, pp. 630-645. https://doi.org/10.1108/NFS-06-2022-0190

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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