The epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) effect in diabetes has been investigated in animal studies, but results of clinical trials are inconsistent. Thus, this study aims to evaluate the effects of EGCG supplementation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
A total of 50 patients with T2DM were recruited in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. The eligible participants were randomly allocated to EGCG (n = 25) and placebo (n = 25) groups. The EGCG group received two capsules of EGCG (each capsule contained 150 mg; Shari Made®, Iran) and placebo group was administered two capsules of placebo (starch) for eight weeks. A three-day 24-h dietary recall and anthropometric and laboratory measurements were carried out at the beginning and the end of the study.
At the end of the trial, weight and body mass index (BMI) were decreased significantly in both groups, but the reduction was not statistically significant between the two groups. Fasting blood sugar decreased significantly in EGCG group. No significant between-group and within-group differences were found in insulin, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and the quantitative insulin sensitivity check index values. The high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) was significantly reduced in the EGCG group (4.13 ± 0.48-3.93 ± 0.50, p = 0.003) compared to baseline.
This study showed that consuming 300 mg/day of EGCG for eight weeks in patients with T2DM caused a significant decrease in fasting blood glucose, body weight, BMI and hs-CRP compared to baseline. Therefore, the EGCG supplementation may improve glycemic control, anthropometric and inflammation status in T2DM.
Funding: This study was supported by AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Conflict of interest: The authors have declared that there is no conflict of interest.
Hadi, S., Alipour, M., Aghamohammadi, V., Shahemi, S., Ghafouri-Taleghani, F., Pourjavidi, N., Foroughi, M. and Chraqipoor, M. (2019), "Improvement in fasting blood sugar, anthropometric measurement and hs-CRP after consumption of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus", Nutrition & Food Science, Vol. 50 No. 2, pp. 348-359. https://doi.org/10.1108/NFS-04-2019-0126
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