The purpose of this paper is to access the present situation of the Pakistani population that suffers from vitamin D deficiency.
A review-based study was conducted based on publications from Pakistan between the years 2008 and 2018. The publications were archived from Pub Med and Google Scholar databases. A total of 18 publications were shortlisted, based on the cutoff values of vitamin D sufficiency, insufficiency and deficiency.
As per the data, 38.5 per cent of the participants were males, 48.7 per cent were females and 12.8 per cent of the studies have not mentioned the genders of the participants. The cumulative results show that 58.17 per cent (95 per cent CI: 52.17, 64.16) of the population is vitamin D-deficient and 26.65 per cent (95 per cent CI: 21.63, 31.66) is insufficient in vitamin D. The highest level of vitamin D deficiency was reported from Sindh (62.15 per cent), followed by Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (60.57 per cent), Punjab (51.75 per cent) and the Federal Capital (49.25 per cent). Moreover, Cochran’s Q test indicated considerable heterogeneity (p = >0.001) with regard to Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) prevalence found among samples from the selected studies.
The present analysis suggests that more than half of the Pakistani population suffers from VDD, which, thus, should be considered as an epidemic and treated likewise.
Conflict of Interest: None.
Authorship: All named authors meet the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) criteria for authorship for this article, take responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole and have given their approval for this version to be published.
Compliance with Ethics Guidelines. Review-based study; no ethical approval is needed.
Syed, F., Latif, M.S.Z., Ahmed, I., Bibi, S., Ullah, S. and Khalid, N. (2020), "Vitamin D deficiency in Pakistani population: critical overview from 2008 to 2018", Nutrition & Food Science, Vol. 50 No. 1, pp. 105-115. https://doi.org/10.1108/NFS-03-2019-0105
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