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Considerations for development of low-cost supplementary foods for lactating women in India – a review

Sandeep Kaur (Department of Food Technology and Nutrition, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, India)
Vikas Kumar (Department of Food Science and Technology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India)
Satish Kumar (Department of Food Technology and Nutrition, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, India)
Sheenam Suri (Department of Food Technology and Nutrition, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, India)
Jaspreet Kaur (Department of Food Technology and Nutrition, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, India)

Nutrition & Food Science

ISSN: 0034-6659

Article publication date: 6 August 2020

Issue publication date: 6 May 2021

97

Abstract

Purpose

Malnutrition is a serious public health problem, which occurs because of an inadequate supply of nutrients and therefore affects many children and women (especially pregnant and lactating women of low economic class) worldwide. There is a great need to develop cost-effective fortified food supplements to overcome this problem. Therefore, this study aims to examine the factors that should be considered in the development of low-cost supplementary foods for breastfeeding women.

Design/methodology/approach

A wide variety of relevant publications were identified through search in electronic databases (ScienceDirect, PubMed, SciELO, Google Scholar, SpringerLink and ResearchGate) based on different keywords such as malnutrition, specific considerations, supplementary foods and breastfeeding women, which were published before 2020. After looking for adequate literature, 71 articles were examined, which provided an overview of these aspects.

Findings

Various food supplements and food products already available in the market are generally expensive and go beyond the purchasing power of lower- or middle-class families. Traditionally, efforts have been made to prepare such supplements at home, but the composition of these products varies based on the economic status of consumers. Therefore, the nutritional status is clearly compromised because of the low standard of living, which requires a great need to develop low-cost nutritious food products, accessible to all and that meet the appropriate nutritional, sensory and economic attributes without ignoring the regulatory guidelines.

Originality/value

This review is majorly focused on the specific considerations, alternative sources, ensuring nutritional and sensorial attributes and economic aspects for the development of supplementary low-cost food products for breastfeeding women with the goal of eliminating malnutrition.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Conflicts of interest: All authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Citation

Kaur, S., Kumar, V., Kumar, S., Suri, S. and Kaur, J. (2021), "Considerations for development of low-cost supplementary foods for lactating women in India – a review", Nutrition & Food Science, Vol. 51 No. 3, pp. 578-593. https://doi.org/10.1108/NFS-02-2020-0036

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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