Dietary fiber and energy intakes seem to be related to disability and anthropometric indices in multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system. So, this study was designed to investigate the association between dietary fiber and energy intakes with systemic inflammation, disease severity and anthropometric measurements in MS subjects.
Four subtypes of 261 MS volunteers were recruited (female = 210, male = 51; mean age 38.9 ± 8.3). A 168-item food frequency questionnaire and nutritionist IV software were used to estimate the amounts of dietary, insoluble, soluble, crude fiber and energy intakes. Serum hs-CRP, extended disability status scale (EDSS), height, weight and Deurenberg equation were also used to evaluate systemic inflammation, disease severity, body mass index (BMI) and percentage body fat, respectively.
Mean differences among the three hs-CRP and EDSS subgroups for dietary fibers and energy intake were significant (p < 0.001). Dietary fiber intake (M = 19.9 ± 4.3 g/day) was a good predictor for EDSS (B = −0.196, p = 0.012), and insoluble fiber intake was introduced as the best predictor of hs-CRP (B = −3.293, p < 0.001). Energy intake predicted both BMI (B = 0.007, p < 0.001) and percentage body fat (B = 0.015, p < 0.001).
Hypocaloric and high prebiotic fiber diet may suppress systemic inflammation and thereby modulate disease severity, as well as control anthropometric indices.
Moravejolahkami, A., Paknahad, Z. and Chitsaz, A. (2019), "Dietary intake of energy and fiber in MS patients; an approach to prebiotics role", Nutrition & Food Science , Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/NFS-01-2019-0001Download as .RIS
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