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Elucidating social networking apps decisions: Performance expectancy, effort expectancy and social influence

Pei Ying Chua (Taylor’s Business School, Taylor’s University, Subang Jaya, Malaysia)
Sajad Rezaei (Chair of Marketing and Innovation, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany)
Man-Li Gu (Taylor’s Business School, Taylor’s University, Subang Jaya, Malaysia)
YokeMoi Oh (Taylor’s Business School, Taylor’s University, Subang Jaya, Malaysia)
Manimekalai Jambulingam (Taylor’s Business School, Taylor’s University, Subang Jaya, Malaysia)

Nankai Business Review International

ISSN: 2040-8749

Article publication date: 4 June 2018

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the determinants of behavioural intention and use behaviour towards social networking apps. Exogenous latent constructs, namely, performance expectancy, effort expectancy and social influence are the key antecedents proposed based on the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology to predict the usage intention and behaviour of social networking apps (i.e. endogenous latent constructs). Experience as a moderator is the extended construct to explain social networking apps user’s behavioural intention.

Design/methodology/approach

To target young generation (Millennial), a cross-sectional data collection approach was conducted to collect data from the social networking apps users (i.e. Facebook, WhatsApp, WeChat, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube, Snapchat and others) whereby a total of 384 valid questionnaires were obtained from six universities in Malaysia. Statistical analysis using partial least squares path modelling approach and a variance-based structural equation modelling (VB-SEM) techniques is performed to analyse the measurement and structural relationship.

Findings

The findings indicate that performance expectancy, effort expectancy and social influence determine behavioural intention, and behavioural intention impacts social networking apps use behaviour. Moreover, the moderation analysis reveals that the relationship between effort expectancy and behavioural intention is moderated by experience, whereas the relationship between social influence and behavioural intention is not moderated by experience.

Originality/value

While the surge of social networking apps has gained tremendous popularity among Millennial as an attractive market segment, previous studies mainly have focussed on intention and behaviour of online users in general. Despite apps and related technologies which have opened a new era of effective communications in marketing, social networking apps usage intention and behaviour focussing on Millennial is not well understood in the current literature. This study contributes and sheds lights on the current issue of social networking apps usage intention and behaviour and looks into a key rising market segment, the Millennial users.

Keywords

Citation

Chua, P.Y., Rezaei, S., Gu, M.-L., Oh, Y. and Jambulingam, M. (2018), "Elucidating social networking apps decisions: Performance expectancy, effort expectancy and social influence", Nankai Business Review International, Vol. 9 No. 2, pp. 118-142. https://doi.org/10.1108/NBRI-01-2017-0003

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

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