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Analyzing interrelated enablers of industry 4.0 for implementation in present industrial scenario

Pachayappan Murugaiyan (Department of Operations and Supply Chain Management, Indian Institute of Management Sirmaur , Sirmaur, India)
Panneerselvam Ramasamy (School of Management, Pondicherry University , Pondicherry, India)

Management Research Review

ISSN: 2040-8269

Article publication date: 1 April 2021

Issue publication date: 13 September 2021




The paper aims to present a systematic literature review to analyze interrelated enablers of Industry 4.0 for implementation. Industry 4.0 is an integrated manufacturing strategy embedded with disruptive technologies. Adapting these technologies with the present industrial scenario is dependent on understanding the dynamics of various critical enablers in the existing literature. In this paper, an effort has been taken to validate and reinforce these enablers by experts in the field of Industry 4.0 for implementation.


A mixed-methodology is designed in this paper. A text mining approach with an expert’s linguistic assessment method is planned to discover the enablers from literature 2010 to 2019. The most critical enablers and their dependencies on other enablers are studied by using correlation analysis.


The research explores the power driving enablers in three groups: technology, features and requirements for implementing Industry 4.0 in the existing factory. In each group, a high degree of associated and dependent enablers is fragmented in detail.

Practical implications

This paper will benefit the research communities and practitioners to understand the significance of an integrated ecosystem of Industry 4.0 technologies, features and requirements for implementation.


The text mining approach integrated with expert’s linguistic assessment to explore the pairwise relationship among the enablers using word correlation is a novel approach in this paper. Moreover, to best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first-ever attempt to conduct a structured literature review combined with text analysis and linguistic assessment to identify the enablers of Industry 4.0 for implementation.



Disclosure statement: No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors.


Murugaiyan, P. and Ramasamy, P. (2021), "Analyzing interrelated enablers of industry 4.0 for implementation in present industrial scenario", Management Research Review, Vol. 44 No. 9, pp. 1241-1262.



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