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Antecedents of relationship between customer and organization developed through social networking sites

Fedric Kujur (Department of Management Studies, Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines) Dhanbad, Dhanbad, India)
Saumya Singh (Department of Management Studies, Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines) Dhanbad, Dhanbad, India)

Management Research Review

ISSN: 2040-8269

Article publication date: 15 October 2018

Issue publication date: 16 January 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to propose a theoretical model of how content-related factors, social factors and perceptual factors influence consumer engagement in brand social networking sites (SNSs) pages and further how consumer engagement behavior influences the customer–organization relationship.

Design/methodology/approach

This study used an online and offline questionnaire to conduct empirical research and collected and analyzed data of 430 samples by using the structural equation modeling approach.

Findings

The result showed that all three factors, i.e. content-related factors, social factors and perceptual factors, had positive influence on consumer engagement. Further, the result also showed a positive influence of consumer engagement on the customer–organization relationship. Another important thing the study found was that social media users mostly engage in consuming the content and contributing.

Research limitations/implications

This study has considered one popular SNS: Facebook. As the usage purpose and features of different SNSs vary, the future research should be directed by taking other popular SNSs, such as Twitter and LinkedIn, to gain a broader insight of consumer engagement on other brand SNS pages. Further, the present study has stressed on the exploring the quality of customer–organization relationship as the major outcome of consumer engagement on brand SNS pages. Therefore, the future study should be directed toward measuring the relationship between consumer engagement and other important outcomes, such as brand advocacy behaviors, positive word-of-mouth behaviors and brand loyalty.

Practical implications

This paper suggests strategies for consumer engagement through SNSs, especially Facebook advertisements. First, the study has identified content-related factors, social factors and perceptual factors which will help the managers to set strategies for engaging new and prospective consumers on brand SNS pages. Second, it also describes how the online activities of consumers on brand SNS pages strengthen the relationship between customer and organizations. This conception will definitely help marketing managers to develop quality relationship with their existing and new customers.

Originality/value

The novelty of this study is that it attempts to explore the combined effect of content-related factors, social factors and perceptual factors on consumer engagement and also explores the nature and specific types of engagement behavior on brand SNS pages.

Keywords

Citation

Kujur, F. and Singh, S. (2019), "Antecedents of relationship between customer and organization developed through social networking sites", Management Research Review, Vol. 42 No. 1, pp. 2-24. https://doi.org/10.1108/MRR-07-2017-0218

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited