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Experimental study on effect of fiber length and fiber content on tensile and flexural properties of bamboo fiber/epoxy composite

Giridharan R. (School of Mechanical Engineering, SASTRA Deemed to be University, Thanjavur, India)
Raatan V.S. (School of Mechanical Engineering, SASTRA Deemed to be University, Thanjavur, India)
Jenarthanan M.P. (School of Mechanical Engineering, SASTRA Deemed to be University, Thanjavur, India)

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures

ISSN: 1573-6105

Article publication date: 2 August 2019

Issue publication date: 8 August 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the effects of fiber length and content on properties of E-glass and bamboo fiber reinforced epoxy resin matrices. Experiments are carried out as per ASTM standards to find the mechanical properties. Further, fractured surface of the specimen is subjected to morphological study.

Design/methodology/approach

Composite samples were prepared according to ASTM standards and were subjected to tensile and flexural loads. The fractured surfaces of the specimens were examined directly under scanning electron microscope.

Findings

From the experiment, it was found that the main factors that influence the properties of composite are fiber length and content. The optimum fiber length and weight ratio are 15 mm and 16 percent, respectively, for bamboo fiber/epoxy composite. Hence, the prediction of optimum fiber length and content becomes important, so that composite can be prepared with best mechanical properties. The investigation revealed the suitability of bamboo fiber as an effective reinforcement in epoxy matrix.

Practical implications

As bamboo fibers are biodegradable, recyclable, light weight and so on, their applications are numerous. They are widely used in automotive components, aerospace parts, sporting goods and building industry. With this scenario, the obtained result of bamboo fiber reinforced composites is not ignorable and could be of potential use, since it leads to harnessing of available natural fibers and their composites rather than synthetic fibers.

Originality/value

This work enlists the effect of fiber length and fiber content on tensile and flexural properties of bamboo fiber/epoxy composite, which has not been attempted so far.

Keywords

Citation

R., G., V.S., R. and M.P., J. (2019), "Experimental study on effect of fiber length and fiber content on tensile and flexural properties of bamboo fiber/epoxy composite", Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, Vol. 15 No. 5, pp. 947-957. https://doi.org/10.1108/MMMS-11-2018-0194

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited