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Magnetohydrodynamic hybrid nanofluid flow over a decelerating rotating disk with Soret and Dufour effects

Neha Vijay (Department of Mathematics, Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur, India)
Kushal Sharma (Department of Mathematics, Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur, India)

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures

ISSN: 1573-6105

Article publication date: 3 January 2023

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Abstract

Purpose

The investigation of fluid flow over a rotating disk has been increasing due to the spread of machine technology. Because of this development, we scrutinized the Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flow of hybrid nanofluid caused by a decelerating rotating disk with Ohmic heating, Soret and Dufour effects. The disk's angular velocity is taken to be an inversely time-dependent linear function. Moreover, the temperature-dependent viscosity of hybrid nanofluid is incorporated in the present investigation. Methanol is considered as base fluid, while copper oxide (CuO) and magnesium oxide (MgO) are nanoparticles.

Design/methodology/approach

Estimated fundamental partial differential equations of flow problems are altered as a dimensionless system of ordinary differential equations using appropriate similarity transformation and solved using a numerical technique: BVP Midrich scheme in Maple software. The impression of emerging non-dimensional parameters is portrayed graphically. All outcomes are shown in the velocity, temperature and concentration profiles.

Findings

The developed flow problem involves a non-dimensional parameter (A) that reveals the deceleration of the disk. For larger values of A, the disk decelerates faster and for some fixed time, the fluid surrounding the disk revolves more rapidly than the disk itself. The radial velocity of fluid diminishes and axial velocity becomes uniform when the disk is subjected to wall suction velocity (B).

Originality/value

This analysis is significant in biomedical engineering, cancer therapeutic, manufacturing industries and nano-drug suspension in pharmaceuticals. The novelty of the current study is the hybrid nanofluid flow with Ohmic heating, Soret and Dufour effects on a decelerating rotating disk. To the best of the author's knowledge, no such consideration has been published in the literature.

Keywords

Citation

Vijay, N. and Sharma, K. (2023), "Magnetohydrodynamic hybrid nanofluid flow over a decelerating rotating disk with Soret and Dufour effects", Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/MMMS-08-2022-0160

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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