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Optimization of process parameters on drilling of natural fibres reinforced in epoxy resin matrices using Taguchi–Grey relational analysis

Alagappan K M (Department of Mechanical Engineering, SASTRA Deemed University, Thanjavur, India)
Vijayaraghavan S (SASTRA University, Trichy, India)
Jenarthanan M P (School of Mechanical Engineering, SASTRA Deemed University, Thanjavur, India)
Giridharan R (SASTRA Deemed to be University, Thanjavur, India)

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures

ISSN: 1573-6105

Article publication date: 16 April 2020

Issue publication date: 16 September 2020

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify the ideal process parameters to be set for the drilling of hybrid fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) (kenaf and banana) composite using High-Speed Steel drill bits (5, 10, 15 mm) coated with tungsten carbide by means of statistical reproduction of the delamination factor and machining force using Taguchi–Grey Relational Analysis.

Design/methodology/approach

The contemplated process parameters are Feed, Speed and Drill Diameter. The trials were carried out by taking advantage of the L-27 factorial design by Taguchi. Three factors, the three level Taguchi Orthogonal Array design in Grey Relational Analysis was used to carry out the trial study. Video Measuring System was used to identify the damage around the drill region. “Minitab 18” was used to examine the data collected by taking advantage of the various statistical and graphical tools available. Examination of variance is used to legitimize the model in identifying the most notable parameter.

Findings

The optimised set of input parameters were found out successfully which are as follows: Feed Rate: 450 mm/min, Cutting Speed: 3,000 rpm and Drill Diameter of 5 mm. When these values are fed in as input the optimised output is being obtained. From ANOVA analysis, it is apparent that the Speed (contribution of 92.6%) is the most influencing parameter on the delamination factor and machining force of the FRP material.

Originality/value

Optimization of process parameters on drilling of natural fibres reinforced in epoxy resin matrices using Taguchi–Grey Relational Analysis has not been previously explored.

Keywords

Citation

K M, A., S, V., M P, J. and R, G. (2020), "Optimization of process parameters on drilling of natural fibres reinforced in epoxy resin matrices using Taguchi–Grey relational analysis", Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, Vol. 16 No. 5, pp. 937-949. https://doi.org/10.1108/MMMS-06-2019-0108

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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