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Stokes’ first problem for MHD flow of Casson nanofluid

Syed Tauseef Mohyud-din (Department of Mathematics, HITEC University, Taxila, Pakistan)
Umar Khan (Department of Mathematics, HITEC University, Taxila, Pakistan)
Naveed Ahmed (Department of Mathematics, HITEC University, Taxila, Pakistan)
M.M. Rashidi (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, China)

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures

ISSN: 1573-6105

Article publication date: 12 June 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present investigation of the flow, heat and mass transfer of a nanofluid over a suddenly moved flat plate using Buongiorno’s model. This study is different from some of the previous studies as the effects of Brownian motion and thermophoresis on nanoparticle fraction are passively controlled on the boundary rather than actively.

Design/methodology/approach

The partial differential equations governing the flow are reduced to a system of non-linear ordinary differential equations. Viable similarity transforms are used for this purpose. A well-known numerical scheme called Runge-Kutta-Fehlberg method coupled with shooting procedure has been used to find the solution of resulting system of equations. Discussions on the effects of different emerging parameters are provided using graphical aid. A table is also given that provides the results of different parameters on local Nusselt and Sherwood numbers.

Findings

A revised model for Stokes’ first problem in nanofluids is presented in this paper. This model considers a zero flux condition at the boundary. Governing equations after implementing the similarity transforms get converted into a system of non-linear ordinary differential equations. Numerical solution using RK-Fehlberg method is also carried out. Emerging parameters are analyzed graphically. Figures indicate a quite significant change in concentration profile due to zero flux condition at the wall.

Originality/value

This work can be extended for other problems involving nanofluids for the better understanding of different properties of nanofluids.

Keywords

Citation

Mohyud-din, S.T., Khan, U., Ahmed, N. and Rashidi, M.M. (2017), "Stokes’ first problem for MHD flow of Casson nanofluid", Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, Vol. 13 No. 1, pp. 2-10. https://doi.org/10.1108/MMMS-03-2016-0014

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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