Aging effect in dye-sensitized solar cells sealed with thermoplastic films
Article publication date: 26 April 2019
Issue publication date: 21 May 2019
The purpose of this paper is to elucidate the aging effect in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) sealed with thermoplastic film and to compare it with unsealed DSSCs.
The paper presents the steps of the fabrication of standard DSSC, as well as the DSSC-sealing processes, by using thermoplastic film. Current-voltage characterization was performed to observe the changes in efficiency, fill factor, short circuit current density and open circuit voltage for both unsealed and sealed DSSCs for aging time up to 336 h.
The unsealed DSSC showed significant drop in efficiency from 4.26 to 2.42 per cent within the first 5.5 h of aging time because of the leakage and volatilization of the solvent in the electrolyte. On the other hand, the sealed DSSC exhibited a gradual improvement of efficiency from 4.16 to 4.73 per cent after the first 216 h of aging time. The initial efficiency increment can be ascribed to the improved adsorption of electrolyte into the titanium dioxide film because of the gradual desorption of excess dye from TiO2 with increasing aging time.
This paper demonstrates the importance of the proper sealing process for the long-term operation of DSSC.
The authors would like to acknowledge MMU and TM R&D for providing financial sponsorship to facilitate this research project under MMU-GRA scheme 2016 and TM R&D Research Grant 2017 (project code: MMUE/170011), respectively.
Yeoh, M.-E., Jaloman, A. and Chan, K.-Y. (2019), "Aging effect in dye-sensitized solar cells sealed with thermoplastic films", Microelectronics International, Vol. 36 No. 2, pp. 68-72. https://doi.org/10.1108/MI-11-2018-0075
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