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In situ polymerised polypyrrole films for sensors application

Monika Zawadzka (Kraków Division, Institute of Electron Technology, Kraków, Poland)
Jan Kulawik (Institute of Electron Technology, Krakow, Poland)
Dorota Szwagierczak (Kraków Division, Institute of Electron Technology, Kraków, Poland)
Krzysztof Zaraska (Kraków Division, Institute of Electron Technology, Kraków, Poland)

Microelectronics International

ISSN: 1356-5362

Article publication date: 4 August 2014




The purpose of this paper is to present fabrication process of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) sensors based on polypyrrole material deposited on different substrates and to show and compare the responses of the produced sensors to different VOCs.


Polypyrrole sensing layers were prepared by in situ chemical polymerisation on two different substrates: alumina and poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET). The time of the polymerisation was varied. After film deposition, an interdigitated electrode was screen-printed on the material deposited on the substrate.


It was demonstrated that both polymerisation time and substrate type provide means to vary the sensitivity of polypyrrole-based sensors to VOCs.

Practical implications

VOCs, which are released in manufacturing or use of various products and materials, pose a threat to the environment and human health. Therefore, measures must be taken to control their concentration both in indoor and outdoor air.


Deposition of a conductive polymer film on the substrate via in situ chemical polymerisation followed by screen-printing of an interdigitated electrode on the polymer surface offers a fast and an effective method of chemiresistor-type sensor fabrication.



This work was supported by FP7 Marie Curie (grant no. 28,948) (within SENSEIVER project – Low-cost and energy-efficient LTCC sensor/IR-UWB transceiver solution for sustainable healthy environment). The authors would like to thank University of Novi Sad for carrying out scanning electron microscopy studies.


Zawadzka, M., Kulawik, J., Szwagierczak, D. and Zaraska, K. (2014), " In situ polymerised polypyrrole films for sensors application", Microelectronics International, Vol. 31 No. 3, pp. 158-162.



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Copyright © 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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