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Depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life in patients attending government – owned psychiatric clinics in Nigeria

Deborah O. Aluh (Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria)
Maxwell O. Adibe (Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria)
Abubakar Abba (Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria)
Chukwudi E. Sam-Eze (Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria)
Abdulmuminu Isah (Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria)

Mental Health and Social Inclusion

ISSN: 2042-8308

Article publication date: 12 August 2021

Issue publication date: 2 February 2022

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Abstract

Purpose

Depression and its symptoms negatively influence the health-related quality of life of patients. This paper aims to explore the occurrence of depressive symptoms and their relationship with health-related quality of life and sociodemographic characteristics.

Design/methodology/approach

It was a cross-sectional study conducted among patients attending the outpatient psychiatric clinics of two Nigerian hospitals. Data were collected using sociodemographic, PHQ-9 and 15 D questionnaires from a convenience sample of patients. Statistical Product and Services Solution Software (SPSS) version 21.0 was used to evaluate depressive symptoms, health-related quality of life, sociodemographic characteristics and the associations among them.

Findings

The mean depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life scores were found to be 12.118 ± 4.373 and 0.829 ± 0.141, respectively. The result showed a significant negative correlation (r = −0.318, p < 0.001) between respondents’ depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life. Patients with comorbid conditions reported a significantly higher level of depressive symptoms (p = 0.002) and lower health-related quality of life (p < 0.001). There was a significant difference in the mean health-related quality of life of the respondents across their level of education and marital status.

Originality/value

Depressive symptoms are a common occurrence in psychiatric conditions. This study provides an insight into the associations between depressive symptoms, socio-demographic factors and the health-related quality of life of psychiatric patients in a low-income country.

Keywords

Citation

Aluh, D.O., Adibe, M.O., Abba, A., Sam-Eze, C.E. and Isah, A. (2022), "Depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life in patients attending government – owned psychiatric clinics in Nigeria", Mental Health and Social Inclusion, Vol. 26 No. 1, pp. 47-55. https://doi.org/10.1108/MHSI-05-2021-0024

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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