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Mental health outcomes among health-care workers during the COVID-19 outbreak in Iran

Mohammad Ali Zakeri (Social Determinants of Health Research Centre, Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran)
Mahlagha Dehghan (Department of Critical Care Nursing, Nursing Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran)
Fatemeh Ghaedi Heidari (Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran)
Hassan Pakdaman (Clinical Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran)
Mehdi Mehdizadeh (Clinical Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran)
Hamid Ganjeh (Clinical Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran)
Mojtaba Sanji Rafsanjani (Emergency Department, Ali-Ibn Abi-Talib Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran)
Sayed Mortaza Hossini Rafsanjanipoor (Social Determinants of Health Research Centre, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran)

Mental Health Review Journal

ISSN: 1361-9322

Article publication date: 11 February 2021

Issue publication date: 27 May 2021

158

Abstract

Purpose

The increasing prevalence of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a global crisis that leads to physical and psychological outcomes for health-care workers, so this study aims to investigate the mental health outcomes (including general health, generalized anxiety disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder) in health-care workers in Rafsanjan, Iran.

Design/methodology/approach

By using convenience sampling, this cross-sectional study was conducted on 332 health-care workers working in public hospitals in southern Iran. Data collection lasted from March to April 2020. General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) and Impact of Event Scale were used to collect data. The data were then analyzed by using SPSS 25 and descriptive and inferential statistics (chi-square and multivariate logistic regression).

Findings

In total 45.5% of the participants had psychological disorder according to GHQ. In addition, 25.3% of the participants had GAD and 31.6% had posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The results using multivariate logistic regression showed that only income was significantly associated with psychological disorders (95% confidence interval for odds ratio: 1.32–6.45, P = 0.008).

Practical implications

According to the results, the incidence of GAD and PTSD was high among health-care workers. Therefore, it is recommended that the psychological skills of health-care workers be strengthened through counseling and training programs.

Originality/value

This paper provides a novel analysis of mental health in health-care workers in Iran.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the Social Determinants of Health Research Centre for its support and collaboration in Ali-Ibn Abi-Talib Hospital, Rafsanjan University of Medical Science, Rafsanjan, Iran.Abbreviations: GAD-7; Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item, GHQ-28; General Health Questionnaire, IES; Impact of Event Scale, SARS-CoV-2; respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 and WHO; World Health Organization.Funding: No funding or research grant was received in the course of study.Availability of data and materials: For ethical reasons, the raw data cannot be shared.Consent for publication: Not applicable.Competing interests: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Citation

Zakeri, M.A., Dehghan, M., Ghaedi Heidari, F., Pakdaman, H., Mehdizadeh, M., Ganjeh, H., Sanji Rafsanjani, M. and Hossini Rafsanjanipoor, S.M. (2021), "Mental health outcomes among health-care workers during the COVID-19 outbreak in Iran", Mental Health Review Journal, Vol. 26 No. 2, pp. 152-160. https://doi.org/10.1108/MHRJ-10-2020-0075

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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