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The effectiveness of Human Givens Rewind treatment for trauma

Shona Adams (Health and Counselling Services, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada) (Specialist Therapies Team, Central and North West London NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK) (Department of Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviour, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK)
Steven Allan (Department of Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviour, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK)

Mental Health Review Journal

ISSN: 1361-9322

Article publication date: 12 September 2019

Issue publication date: 12 September 2019




Rewind is a trauma-focussed exposure technique that is part of Human Givens (HG) therapy. However, there have been no controlled studies examining the effectiveness or acceptability of Rewind, and a previous study comparing HG therapy outcomes with cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) benchmarks has yet to be replicated. The paper aims to address these issues.


This preliminary investigation used an observational, quasi-experimental design. Using both between-subject and within-subject designs, the outcome measures of those who had Rewind in the second session and participants who had treatment-as-usual (TAU) in the second session followed by Rewind in the third session were compared. Pre–post treatment scores were used to evaluate the overall HG therapy and to compare with benchmarks.


Rewind was more effective than control treatment sessions, with 40 per cent recovered and 57 per cent having reliably improved or recovered after the Rewind treatment session. Rewind sessions were rated as acceptable as other treatment sessions. The effect size of HG therapy was above the CBT Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation Outcome-10 (CORE-10) benchmark of 1.22. The recovery rate for treatment completers was 63 per cent, with 91 per cent recovered or reliably improved and was equivalent to the top quartile of services.

Practical implications

Rewind is a promising alternative trauma treatment, as people need not discuss details of the trauma, multiple traumas can be treated in one session and fewer treatment sessions may be needed.


There are few HG studies reported in the peer-reviewed literature. This preliminary study is the first controlled study of Rewind. The findings are also in line with previous research on HG therapy.



The authors would like to thank Katie Palmer for her assistance in scoring questionnaires and Rachel Adams for her assistance with preparing references.


Adams, S. and Allan, S. (2019), "The effectiveness of Human Givens Rewind treatment for trauma", Mental Health Review Journal, Vol. 24 No. 3, pp. 228-242.



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