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Mental health and its correlates: perspectives from two countries

H.T. Xie (Department of Nursing, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore, Singapore)

Mental Health Review Journal

ISSN: 1361-9322

Article publication date: 10 February 2021

Issue publication date: 17 February 2021




The purpose of this paper is to describe and compare the attributes of community dwelling adults with serious mental health illnesses in the USA and Singapore in terms of perception of mental health recovery and its correlates, namely, strengths self-efficacy, resourcefulness and stigma experience.


A convenience sample of 100 participants from each country participated in the study by completing self-administered questionnaires.


The results showed high overall scores in mental health recovery, strengths self-efficacy and resourcefulness in both countries with only a statistically significant difference between both countries in mental health recovery. Participants in both countries also experienced stigma.

Research limitations/implications

The study not only enhanced the focus on mental health and its correlates but also suggested the need for efforts to de-stigmatize mental health conditions which could impact on mental health recovery.


This paper is original and adds on to the knowledge base on mental health recovery and its correlates through the unique opportunity to review information from both countries.



This study was conducted with the support of faculty from Case Western Reserve University and Nursing team at the Institute of Mental Health. The authors also thanked Upsilon Eta Chapter, The Honor Society of Nursing, Sigma Theta Tau International for partially funding the study. Funding: This study is partially funded by Upsilon Eta Chapter, The Honor Society of Nursing, Sigma Theta Tau International. Declaration of Conflict of interest: The authors declared no conflict of interest.


Xie, H.T. (2021), "Mental health and its correlates: perspectives from two countries", Mental Health Review Journal, Vol. 26 No. 1, pp. 100-112.



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