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Interactive trilateral foreign exchange exposure: insights from scenario analysis

Thomas O’Brien (Department of Finance, School of Business, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, USA)

Managerial Finance

ISSN: 0307-4358

Article publication date: 18 June 2019

Issue publication date: 8 August 2019




The purpose of this paper is to present scenarios of interactive trilateral foreign exchange (FX) exposure, where a company’s exposures to two foreign currencies depend on those currencies’ FX rate with each other.


A pro forma analysis of three-way FX rate changes illustrates interactive trilateral FX exposure and generates observations for a multivariate regression estimation of FX exposure coefficients.


The multivariate regression estimates of FX exposure provide the basis for a useful financial hedging strategy for interactive trilateral FX exposure. Some of the FX exposure estimates have surprising signs and magnitudes.

Research limitations/implications

Scenario analysis does not result in a general theory of interactive FX exposure, but the study’s diverse and rich scenarios may provide helpful insights to theoretical and empirical researchers.

Practical implications

The scenarios relate to many common real-world situations and thus may help managers and educators better understand how to manage FX exposure.


The topic of interactive FX exposure is under-researched and under-covered in contemporary textbooks or the applied finance literature.



The authors would like to thank Carmelo Giaccotto, Alain Krapl, Santiago Ruiz de Vargas, Jacques Schnabel and anonymous referees for helpful comments.


O’Brien, T. (2019), "Interactive trilateral foreign exchange exposure: insights from scenario analysis", Managerial Finance, Vol. 45 No. 7, pp. 856-868.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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