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Revisiting mean reversion in profitability and earnings: evidence from India (2007–2020)

Jitender Kumar (Department of Finance, Jagdish Sheth School of Management (JAGSoM-formerly known as IFIM Business School), Bangalore, India)
T.B. Kavya (Department of Finance, Jagdish Sheth School of Management (JAGSoM-formerly known as IFIM Business School), Bangalore, India)
Amit Bagga (Department of Finance, Jagdish Sheth School of Management (JAGSoM-formerly known as IFIM Business School), Bangalore, India)
S. Uma (Department of Finance, Jagdish Sheth School of Management (JAGSoM-formerly known as IFIM Business School), Bangalore, India)
M. Saiteja (Department of Finance, Jagdish Sheth School of Management (JAGSoM-formerly known as IFIM Business School), Bangalore, India)
Kashish Gupta (Department of Finance, Jagdish Sheth School of Management (JAGSoM-formerly known as IFIM Business School), Bangalore, India)
J.S. Harish Ganapathi (Department of Finance, Jagdish Sheth School of Management (JAGSoM-formerly known as IFIM Business School), Bangalore, India)
Ronit Roy (Department of Finance, Jagdish Sheth School of Management (JAGSoM-formerly known as IFIM Business School), Bangalore, India)

Managerial Finance

ISSN: 0307-4358

Article publication date: 13 December 2022

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this article is to revisit the mean reversion in profitability and earnings among Indian-listed firms, based on the idea that changes in profitability and earnings are somewhat predictable.

Design/methodology/approach

The study used a sample of 445 Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)-listed companies and 309 companies from the manufacturing sector in India for the period from 2007 to 2020. The study employed cross-sectional regressions. Both linear and non-linear Partial Adjustment Models (PAM) were used to forecast profitability and earnings.

Findings

The study revealed that profitability and earnings mean revert for both the BSE-listed companies and the manufacturing sector companies from 2007 to 2012. However, for the years from 2013 to 2020, it was found that there is no significant evidence of mean reversion in both the BSE-listed companies or the manufacturing sector companies.

Practical implications

The findings have larger implications for security analysts who forecast future stabilisation or recovery of historically high or low growth rates. Investors and analysts would benefit from having a better understanding of how competitive attacks affect profitability as well as how the overall economic growth of a country affects earnings and valuations.

Originality/value

Most of the empirical research in India has focused on mean reversion in stock prices or stock returns. The present study looked at the mean reversion of profitability and earnings in Indian firms.

Keywords

Citation

Kumar, J., Kavya, T.B., Bagga, A., Uma, S., Saiteja, M., Gupta, K., Harish Ganapathi, J.S. and Roy, R. (2022), "Revisiting mean reversion in profitability and earnings: evidence from India (2007–2020)", Managerial Finance, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/MF-02-2022-0080

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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