Share classes, families and asset purchases: Canadian evidence

Lingfeng Guo (Department of Treasury CFO GPO, CIBC, Toronto, Canada)
Lawrence Kryzanowski (Department of Finance, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada)
Yinlin Nie (Concordia University, Montreal, Canada)

Managerial Finance

ISSN: 0307-4358

Publication date: 13 June 2019



The purpose of this paper is to test if relative asset purchase values (RAPVs) differ between single- and dual-class purchasers (not) differentiated by family ownership for Canadian firms.


The paper uses multivariate regressions and 2SLS estimations of simultaneous equations models with both continuous and dichotomous endogenous variables. Data on share structures and family involvements are hand collected.


RAPVs for dual-class purchasers are significantly different (larger) than their single-class counterparts only for family-controlled samples. Larger RAPVs for dual-class purchases are associated with higher degrees of dual-class structures, higher family ownerships and with boards with no more than one family member.

Research limitations/implications

RAPV is important because of its common use as a primary determinant of the wealth effects of M&As, its use as an exchange-rate proxy in two-stage regressions used to determine the amount of abnormal returns attributable to short selling activity around M&A announcements, and its use as a channel for conveying information about deal complexity, seller’s bargaining power, additional monitoring benefits from purchase and/or greater challenges in incorporating a purchase into existing assets. Larger sample size would facilitate more differentiated examinations.

Practical implications

Findings imply that dual-class share structures assist family shareholders in elevating their control over corporate decisions involving asset purchases.

Social implications

This paper furthers the authors’ knowledge about the effects of agency issues on corporate decisions.


It provides an extension and robustness test of the US evidence for asset purchases by providing evidence for Canada given its greater preponderance of families as the ultimate controlling shareholders, restricted or subordinated voting shares issued and pyramidal structures.



Guo, L., Kryzanowski, L. and Nie, Y. (2019), "Share classes, families and asset purchases: Canadian evidence", Managerial Finance, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.

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