Information visualization techniques for presenting Qur'an histories and atlas

Raja-Yusof Raja-Jamilah (Centre of Qur'anic Research, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Akmal Jananatul (Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Jomhari Nazean (Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)

Multicultural Education & Technology Journal

ISSN: 1750-497X

Publication date: 11 November 2013



The purpose of this paper is to study suitable visualization techniques representing Qur'an history and atlas. It focuses on analyzing the effectiveness of the concept map and the hyperbolic tree visualization techniques.


The effectiveness is measured in the aspects of the task time to complete a search based on questions provided. The task time is predicted using a task analysis technique called keystroke level model – goal operator methods and selection rules (KLM-GOMS). It is suitable to produce the hypothesis of which visualization techniques are able to maneuver the users to complete the task goals in the shortest time. The scope presented is the histories and locations related to selected chapters in part 30 of the Qur'an.


Hyperbolic tree is more time effective compared with concept map visualization technique. Concept map visualization system has been voted as the most satisfying visualization technique even though the difference is only 1.3 seconds. The more important aspect for this analysis is the presentation of the information. Information should be presented clearly rather than hidden although the hidden function should be provided for users to use. However, both techniques are predicted to support conceptual understanding.

Research limitations/implications

The focus of the analysis was data structure and how to get to the right nodes before retrieving the final output.

Social implications

Assisting developers of Qur'anic systems therefore improves the effectiveness of users of Qur'anic system in finding information.


Analysis on visualization techniques in context Qur'an history and atlas using KLM-GOMS study in terms of locations that lead to the birth of various chapters in Qur'an is rarely being discussed. Previous studies focus on development and implementation of textual Qur'an systems while this study focuses on user analysis using techniques mentioned above.



Raja-Yusof, R., Akmal, J. and Jomhari, N. (2013), "Information visualization techniques for presenting Qur'an histories and atlas", Multicultural Education & Technology Journal, Vol. 7 No. 4, pp. 301-316.

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