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Determinant analysis of employee attitudes toward pro-environmental behavior in textile firms of Pakistan: a serial mediation approach

Sundas Nisar (Department of Management Studies, Bahria University Karachi Campus,Karachi, Pakistan)
Naveed R. Khan (Department of Management Studies, Bahria University Karachi Campus,Karachi, Pakistan)
Mustafa Rehman Khan (Faculty of Management and Economics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjung Malim, Malaysia)

Management of Environmental Quality

ISSN: 1477-7835

Article publication date: 31 May 2021

Issue publication date: 20 July 2021

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to determine how environmentally specific transformational leadership (ETFL), green training (GT) and psychological green climate (PGC) affect environmental passion (EP) of employees which leads to pro-environmental behaviors (PEBs).

Design/methodology/approach

The context of the study was set in textile industry of Pakistan which holds a promising future in the international markets as an emerging export-based industry. Using purposive sampling technique, cross-sectional self-report data were collected from the employees of textile exporting firms (n = 239) of Pakistan. Hypotheses were tested using PLS-SEM.

Findings

The findings revealed that ETFL and PGC act as important predictors of EP, whereas GT plays no role in influencing EP. EP predicts green behavioral intention (GBI) of employees, in turn, GBI predicts employees' PEBs. Further, mediation analyses revealed that EP and GBI sequentially mediated the link between PGC and PEBs.

Research limitations/implications

The present study is not free from its limitations. First, the study adopted cross-sectional design that prevents the causal inferences which the researcher can make from the population. Second, the present study adopted purposive sampling technique which is a non-probability sampling technique. Third, the constructs of this study were assessed with self-report measures which are associated with social desirability bias (Podsakoff and Organ, 1986) or common-method variance (Podsakoff et al., 2003). Hence, this research suggests on the future direction of research based on these limitations.

Practical implications

As per the results of this study, it is also suggested that managers may focus more on the overall organizational and psychological climate rather than on leadership styles alone. While conducting training, the leaders must pay close attention to training objectives to ensure that they do not lead to counterproductive behaviors.

Originality/value

This research adds to the literature in the area of PEBs at micro-level by focusing on how and why employees engage in PEBs.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Dr. Ghulam Ali Arain and Shafique Ahmed for their support.

Citation

Nisar, S., Khan, N.R. and Khan, M.R. (2021), "Determinant analysis of employee attitudes toward pro-environmental behavior in textile firms of Pakistan: a serial mediation approach", Management of Environmental Quality, Vol. 32 No. 5, pp. 1064-1094. https://doi.org/10.1108/MEQ-11-2020-0270

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited