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The cleaner production technology innovation effect of environmental regulation policy: evidence from China

Xianyou Pan (Shanghai University of Electric Power, Shanghai, China) (Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China)
Yang Cao (Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China)
Xiongfeng Pan (Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China)
Md. Kamal Uddin (Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China)

Management of Environmental Quality

ISSN: 1477-7835

Article publication date: 24 May 2021

Issue publication date: 22 June 2021

Abstract

Purpose

Environmental regulation policy and cleaner production technology innovation are the key links to achieve sustainable economic development. This paper tests the impact of Two Control Zone (TCZ) environmental regulation policy on cleaner production technology innovation and explains the heterogeneity effect between them from the perspective of regional pollution intensity and R&D investment scale.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper takes TCZ policy as an environmental regulation policy and collects the patent data related to coal desulfurization cleaner production technology innovation in prefecture-level cities from 1994 to 2002 in China. This paper also tests the relationship between TCZ environmental regulation policy and cleaner production technology innovation based on difference in difference (DID) model. Take regional R&D investment scale and pollution intensity as category variables and analyze the heterogeneity effect of TCZ environmental regulation policy on cleaner production technology innovation based on difference-in-difference-in-difference (DDD) model.

Findings

TCZ environmental regulation policy effectively promotes China's cleaner production technology innovation, but it is more conducive to cleaner production technology innovation in heavy pollution areas. With the increasing of R&D investment scale, the positive effect of TCZ environmental regulation policy on cleaner production technology innovation is stronger.

Research limitations/implications

On the basis of this study, the authors should further explore the regulatory factors of the relationship between TCZ environmental regulation policy and cleaner production technology innovation and further expand the research object, so as to make the research conclusions more practical and instructive.

Originality/value

This paper tests the impact of TCZ environmental regulation policy on cleaner production technology innovation based on the prefecture city level data and DID model, and it handles the endogenous problem caused by the missing variables and provides the accurate conclusions. Moreover, this paper examines the heterogeneity effect of TCZ environmental regulation policy on cleaner production innovation from regional R&D investment scale and pollution intensity two hands and expands the existing theoretical research.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Funding: This work is supported by the National Social Science Foundation Project (Grant Nos. 17BGL266)

Citation

Pan, X., Cao, Y., Pan, X. and Uddin, M.K. (2021), "The cleaner production technology innovation effect of environmental regulation policy: evidence from China", Management of Environmental Quality, Vol. 32 No. 4, pp. 737-751. https://doi.org/10.1108/MEQ-10-2020-0227

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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