The purpose of this paper is to investigate and develop a full-cycle teak (Tectona grandis) under stand cropping system or PLDT for sustainable livelihoods of forest village community in Indonesia.
An experimental analysis was used, and the population consisted of units of land of the Community-based Forest Management (in Indonesian called Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Hutan berbasis Masyarakat – PHBM) cultivated by 67 farmers. Further, farmers, the board of Forest Village Community Institution (in Indonesian called Lembaga Masyarakat Desa Hutan – LMDH), and forestry officials were also involved. The method employed was a survey approach using forest mapping result as the primary data. Secondary data were obtained from the LMDH and PHBM documents, measurement of physical conditions, model plots, and focus group discussion.
Findings reveal that replacing polycultural cropping system with sequential cropping one is useful in improving farmers’ income. It was proven that the products of polycultural cropping contribute only 61.23 percent of proper income. Meanwhile, through the right selection of species of shade-tolerant crops and sequential cropping the contribution can be increased to 85.28 percent: an increase of more than 24 percent. This shows that PLDT is reliable for implementation by using certain seasonal plants and cropping pattern. Next, this research limits itself to an area having teak forest, and its practical implication is to provide an alternative way for generating income and food availability.
This paper is original and has unique value because it discusses issues related to seasonal plantation grown under long-circle crops for a better living condition. The proposed plant is environment-friendly and could possibly be applied to areas having teak forests.
This research was initially funded by the National Strategic Grant of Litabmas DIKTI for 2 years from 2015 to 2016. The authors would like to express sincere gratitude to the Director of DP2M – Director of Higher Education, Rector of Universitas Negeri Semarang – Dr Fathur Rokman, M. Hum., the Chairman of LP2M - UNNES, and the Dean of Social Faculty – UNNES, and also staffs who gave us the opportunity to conduct this research. The authors are also thankful to Ir. Imam Fuji Raharjo, MP, the Head of Forest Resources of Regional Perhutani Central Java, and the Pesanggem farmers at Semirejo village for their cooperation during the research.
Banowati, E. and Prajanti, S.D.W. (2017), "Developing the under stand cropping system (PLDT) for sustainable livelihood", Management of Environmental Quality, Vol. 28 No. 5, pp. 769-782. https://doi.org/10.1108/MEQ-08-2015-0163Download as .RIS
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