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Urban afforestation and its ecosystem balance contribution: a bibliometric review

Patrik Gustavo Wiesel (Environmental Technology, University of Santa Cruz do Sul, Santa Cruz do Sul, Brazil)
Elias Dresch (Environmental Technology, University of Santa Cruz do Sul, Santa Cruz do Sul, Brazil)
Eduardo Rodrigo Ramos de Santana (State Environmental Protection Foundation Henrique Luiz Roessler, Santa Cruz do Sul, Brazil)
Eduardo Alcayaga Lobo (Environmental Technology, University of Santa Cruz do Sul, Santa Cruz do Sul, Brazil)

Management of Environmental Quality

ISSN: 1477-7835

Article publication date: 29 April 2021

Issue publication date: 11 May 2021

459

Abstract

Purpose

Urbanization is characterized mainly by changes in land use and conversion of natural areas into built environments, as well as by a series of impacts, such as loss of biodiversity, which interfere with the proper functioning of ecological networks.

Design/methodology/approach

Thus, the authors apply a bibliometric analysis using the term “Urban Trees” in the “Web of Science” database, between 2009 and 2019, as a keyword to include all urban green structures and identify the main aspects of urban ecological relationships. They found 8,367 published articles.

Findings

This review identified the main countries and research institutions that operate in urban afforestation. In general, developing countries seek to understand the environmental benefits that urban afforestation can provide, demonstrating the importance of maintaining existing green areas in urban centers to promote the balance of the ecosystem. It depends directly on the flow of ecosystem services provided by green infrastructures in the city, contributing significantly to carbon sequestration, retention of particulate matter, mitigation of heat islands and reduction of surface runoff, directly favoring the health and well-being of the population. The authors conclude that the actions currently implemented in urban afforestation, especially to increase the richness and abundance of species, will be decisive for the future of urban centers and the construction of more sustainable and egalitarian cities.

Originality/value

This work sought to develop a bibliographic research based on information obtained by bibliometric analysis that has the ability to identify trends and volumes of scientific production in a given area of knowledge.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This study was financed in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior - Brasil (CAPES) - Finance Code 001.

Citation

Wiesel, P.G., Dresch, E., de Santana, E.R.R. and Lobo, E.A. (2021), "Urban afforestation and its ecosystem balance contribution: a bibliometric review", Management of Environmental Quality, Vol. 32 No. 3, pp. 453-469. https://doi.org/10.1108/MEQ-07-2020-0156

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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