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Determination of the contamination profile of groundwater in the vicinity of petroleum products retailing stations in Nigeria

Festus M. Adebiyi (Chemistry Department, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria)
Adewale F. Adeyemi (Chemistry Department, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria)

Management of Environmental Quality

ISSN: 1477-7835

Article publication date: 9 March 2015

Abstract

Purpose

The quality of groundwater in the vicinity of petroleum products retailing stations in Ile-Ife, Nigeria was investigated with a view to providing valuable information on the organic and other physico-chemical parameters associated with the contamination of the groundwaters by petroleum products. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

Three sets of samples were collected per season from artesian wells within petroleum products retailing stations for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), trace metals and other physico-chemical parameters analysis. Extraction, cleaned-up and concentration of the PAHs were done using certified analytical methods. Levels of the PAHs and metals were determined using gas chromatography coupled with flame ionization detector and bulk scientific atomic absorption spectrophotometer, respectively, while other pollution indicators were measured using standard analytical procedures.

Findings

The groundwaters contained elevated levels of PAHs, Cu, Zn, Mn, Pb, Cr, V, Ni, Fe and total dissolved solids than their maximum allowable limits for drinking water. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) results confirmed that both seasonal variation and location had much influence on the levels of most of the analyzed parameters. Some of the parameters showed strong positive correlation with each other, while Cr/Pb and Na/Pb displayed strong negative correlation with each other, indicating similar source(s) and/or chemical affinity and vice versa, respectively. Cross-plot analysis results using metals and PAHs concentrations as variables showed significant positive correlations (R2=0.99) and (R2=0.60), respectively, suggesting similar source(s) of contamination of the two sets of samples.

Originality/value

The level of the groundwater contamination was an indication of indiscriminate discharge of petroleum products and/or underground tank leakage within the study areas.

Keywords

Citation

Adebiyi, F.M. and Adeyemi, A.F. (2015), "Determination of the contamination profile of groundwater in the vicinity of petroleum products retailing stations in Nigeria", Management of Environmental Quality, Vol. 26 No. 2, pp. 250-269. https://doi.org/10.1108/MEQ-06-2014-0082

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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