The purpose of this paper is to address the case of toxic metal contamination of Sepetiba Bay caused by the Ingá Company. The paper reviews the history of the contamination and discusses the current presence of metals in the bay sediments, demonstrating that the toxic metals are clearly enriched. Sepetiba Bay is prone to significant dredging activities that make metals available in the food chain, affecting human populations, mainly fishermen communities.
The study presents the case of the Ingá Company based on international literature and data provided by previous studies.
Through the analysis and compilation of diverse data from the literature, this study demonstrates that the Ingá Company is a major source of Cd, Pb and Zn due to its calamine processing activities used to obtain high purity Zn.
This study highlights important research to complete the historical scenario of heavy metal contamination of the Sepetiba Bay by Ingá Company. The results indicate that the contaminants from the Ingá Company can indeed be traced in the sediments of Sepetiba Bay. These data have the utmost value for the environmental management of this coastal system, because such high concentrations of toxic metals in marine sediments have serious implications for the environmental quality of the bay and may negatively affect biota and human health. Therefore, this study suggests that it is now necessary to monitor this region for contamination continuously.
The authors acknowledge the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) for the financial support to this work. The authors are also grateful to Ecologus Consultive Engineering Ltd that supported part of the SEM/AVS analyses. Julio Cesar de Faria Alvim Wasserman is thankful to CNPq for the productivity research support (Grant No. 305241/2003-6).
Ribeiro, A.P., Figueiredo, A.M.G., Santos, J.O.d., Ferreira, P.A.d.L., Graudenz, G.S., Ruiz, M.S., Mahiques, M.M.d., Figueira, R.C.L. and Wasserman, J.C.d.F.A. (2015), "Effects of contamination with toxic metals on the environmental quality of Sepetiba Bay (SE Brazil): The case of Ingá Company", Management of Environmental Quality, Vol. 26 No. 4, pp. 538-551. https://doi.org/10.1108/MEQ-06-2013-0074
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