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Averting the “resource curse phenomenon” through government effectiveness. Evidence from Ghana's natural gas production

Opoku Adabor (School of Economics, Finance and Marketing, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia)

Management of Environmental Quality

ISSN: 1477-7835

Article publication date: 2 August 2022

Issue publication date: 17 January 2023




The “resource curse phenomenon” has received a lot of attention from researchers; however, there has not been any sound explanation to back this phenomenon since the main reason why natural resource should restrain economic growth instead of boosting economic growth remains unanswered. This paper contributes to literature on “resource curse hypothesis” by examining the role of government effectiveness in influencing the impact of gas resource rent on economic growth.


The study adopted the Cobb-Douglass production and incorporated gas resource rent, institutional quality (government effectiveness), inflation and exchange rate as additional variables that influences total output (gross domestic product). The author estimated the empirical form of the Cobb-Douglass production using autoregressive distributed lag model (ARDL) and Toda and Yamamoto (1995) as the main estimation strategies while other time series approaches were used as a robustness check.


The estimates from the ARDL short-run and the long-run dynamics suggest that the direct impact of gas resource rent on economic growth was positive but not statistically significant. At the same time, the interacting of gas resource rent and government effectiveness showed a positive and statistically significant effect of nearly 0.4123 and 0.8724 on economic growth in the long run and short run, respectively. The results from the Toda and Yamamoto (1995) also indicated that economic growth has a strong influence on gas resource rent while government effectiveness drives economic growth and not vice versa.

Research limitations/implications

The findings from this study imply that government effectiveness plays a crucial role in averting the “resource curse phenomenon”. Hence, improving government effectiveness and efficiency through minimizing corruption among state institutions would be imperative in curbing the “resource curse phenomenon” in developing countries.


The influential role of government effectiveness on the relationship between gas resource rent on economic growth is examined.



The author would like to express profound gratitude to the anonymous reviewers the editor and for the insightful comments, which considerably enhanced this research paper.


Adabor, O. (2023), "Averting the “resource curse phenomenon” through government effectiveness. Evidence from Ghana's natural gas production", Management of Environmental Quality, Vol. 34 No. 1, pp. 159-176.



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