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Public policy and strategic business recommendations to accelerate adoption of stationary battery energy storage systems (BESS) in India

Tejpavan Gandhok (OP Jindal Global University, JGBS, Sonipat, India)
Pranusha Manthri (Indian School of Business, Bharti Institute of Public Policy, Hyderabad, India)

Management of Environmental Quality

ISSN: 1477-7835

Article publication date: 14 July 2023

Issue publication date: 8 November 2023




Interest in battery energy storage systems (BESS) is high, and technologies such as Li-ion (and other advanced chemistry) batteries in specific use cases are already economically viable. In this paper, the authors build further on the authors' previously published paper1 to estimate the potential positive impact that accelerated adoption of Li-ion batteries for stationary storage per the authors' identified already economically viable use cases, can have both on India's macro-economy and current account deficit as well as in helping meaningfully accelerate circular economy and Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) benefits of green economy transition.


The authors identified key challenges for development of BESS ecosystem and applied quantitative and qualitative assessment methodology for rapid adoption of BESS in India. The authors' study was validated through interviews with stakeholders and the authors summarize applicable findings for emerging countries such as India to encourage faster, wider adoption of energy storage.


The authors' study provides key policy recommendations to achieve a better balance in policy focus—not only for electronic vehicles (EVs) and utility-scale storage, but also for stationary behind-the-meter storage through key policy measures including placing a CESS on diesel generators (DGs), differential tariffs, encouraging advanced battery imports as a way to reduce crude oil imports, green financing and investments in de-carbonized energy breakthrough technologies (e.g. gravity-based energy storage systems). The authors recommend key technology priorities and strategic business rationale for private sector efforts by developing competitive advantages for non-battery hardware and software and expanding into emerging markets, with potential US$15–20+bn enterprise value.


While the dominant discourse focuses on EVs and utility scale applications of storage, the authors' paper shows the larger near term opportunity for impact is in stationary storage that too in end-user adoption use cases.



The authors acknowledge the support of Bharti Institute of Public Policy at Indian School of Business and to Professor Ashwini Chhatre and Professor Avik Sarkar for the guidance and support for this paper. The authors would also like to thank Dr Rahul Tongia, Brookings India for co-hosting a round-table discussion on a draft of paper's draft findings and to the several policy and industry participants for sharing valuable feedback and perspectives to help shape and further refine the findings.


Gandhok, T. and Manthri, P. (2023), "Public policy and strategic business recommendations to accelerate adoption of stationary battery energy storage systems (BESS) in India", Management of Environmental Quality, Vol. 34 No. 6, pp. 1516-1533.



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