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How entrepreneurship drives life satisfaction among people with intellectual disabilities (PwID): a mixed-method approach

Virginia Barba-Sánchez (Department of Business Administration, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Ciudad Real, Spain)
Yolanda Salinero (Department of Business Administration, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Ciudad Real, Spain)
Pedro Jiménez Estévez (Department of Business Administration, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Ciudad Real, Spain)
Pablo Ruiz-Palomino (Department of Business Administration, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Ciudad Real, Spain)

Management Decision

ISSN: 0025-1747

Article publication date: 20 April 2023

Issue publication date: 19 March 2024

271

Abstract

Purpose

The high and persistent unemployment rates of people with intellectual disabilities (PwID) reveal the wide gap that still remains to be bridged. Entrepreneurship combinedly with a high enterprising tendency could improve PwID's life satisfaction.

Design/methodology/approach

A mixed-method approach was used, based on questionnaires and structured face-to-face interviews on 37 PwID who had recently become entrepreneurs. Data were firstly quantitatively analyzed using partial least squares-structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM), and qualitative data were used to enable robust findings.

Findings

The entrepreneurial tendency of PwID who had recently become entrepreneurs was found to be a positive to their life quality (LQ), job satisfaction and life satisfaction.

Research limitations/implications

This study revealed that entrepreneurship among PwID who had high enterprising tendency enhances their LQ, job satisfaction and life satisfaction. However, further research could evaluate whether becoming an entrepreneur is in itself enough to change PwID's life to better, such that a comparison could be done between PwID who become entrepreneurs and PwID who have a salaried job.

Practical implications

New aspects in the design of public social policies to improve PwID's life satisfaction are suggested. These include the facilitation of both entrepreneurship and enterprising tendency for PwID to enhance their life satisfaction.

Originality/value

There are very few occasions in which PwID set up businesses. This is one of the first studies to analyze the benefit of entrepreneurship and enterprising tendency on the LQ, the satisfaction at work and the life satisfaction of PwID.

Keywords

Citation

Barba-Sánchez, V., Salinero, Y., Jiménez Estévez, P. and Ruiz-Palomino, P. (2024), "How entrepreneurship drives life satisfaction among people with intellectual disabilities (PwID): a mixed-method approach", Management Decision, Vol. 62 No. 2, pp. 426-449. https://doi.org/10.1108/MD-11-2022-1568

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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