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The reference effect in newsvendor model with strategic customers

Jiaming Liu (School of Management and Economics, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China)
Chong Wu (School of Management and Economics, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China)
Tianyi Su (School of Management and Economics, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China)

Management Decision

ISSN: 0025-1747

Article publication date: 19 June 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the role of reference effect on newsvendor’s decision behavior in a market with strategic customers and work out the newsvendor’s optimal pricing policy and ordering quantity.

Design/methodology/approach

This study utilizes the prospect theory and strategic customer framework to analyze the decision-making behavior on the newsvendor’s optimal pricing policy and ordering quantity. The paper further presents an extension of newsvendor model and provides the model’s properties. The paper finally analyzes the results with various parameters on the model and reports on the insights generated by the model.

Findings

The paper indicates that the ordering quantity is not altered with the changing proportion of strategic customers and myopic customers, but the ordering quantity and the pricing strategy are influenced in terms of newsvendor’s reference effect, loss aversion, product cost, and salvage price.

Practical implications

The research findings have important implications for decision makers. Previous researches have studied the incomplete rationality newsvendor’s decision-making behavior mainly by analyzing the vendor’s risk preferences or loss aversion, but the effect of reference point also plays an important role in analyzing the decision-maker’s behavior. The paper provides the optimal pricing policy and ordering quantity with the reference effect considering the strategic customers behavior. This model is also a valid complementarity to behavioral operations management research area.

Originality/value

The paper examines the role of reference effect in newsvendor problem with the strategic customers and analyzes the impact of parameters such as loss aversion on the newsvendor’s decision behavior.

Keywords

Citation

Liu, J., Wu, C. and Su, T. (2017), "The reference effect in newsvendor model with strategic customers", Management Decision, Vol. 55 No. 5, pp. 1006-1021. https://doi.org/10.1108/MD-09-2015-0419

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited