Open innovation in the food and beverage industry

Cristina Bayona-Saez (Institute for Advanced Research in Business and Economics – INARBE, Public University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain)
Claudio Cruz-Cázares (University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain)
Teresa García-Marco (Institute for Advanced Research in Business and Economics – INARBE, Public University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain)
Mercedes Sánchez García (Instititute for Innovation and Sustainable Development in Food Chain – ISFOOD, Public University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain)

Management Decision

ISSN: 0025-1747

Publication date: 18 April 2017



The purpose of this paper is to extend the knowledge into the relationship between open innovation (OI) and firm’s innovative performance. Specifically, the authors aim to determine whether the benefits of OI practices are different for Food and Beverage (FnB) firms as compared to those of other sectors. The FnB industry is relevant in terms of employment GDP generation in the UE, characterised by high integration and low-tech intensity.


In order to achieve the goal and obtain robust results, the authors consider four OI dimensions and four innovation performance measures using panel data (2004-2011) from 10,771 FnB and non-FnB firms using Tobit and Logit models by random effects.


The authors test and confirm the presence of the classical inverted U-shape relationship between OI and firm innovative performance for FnB and non-FnB companies. However, the optimal number of external sources of knowledge used is lesser for FnB than the rest of the companies.


The paper compares the OI effects in a traditional and low-tech industry vs other industries considering four innovation outputs (product innovations, process innovations, incremental innovation and radical innovation).



Bayona-Saez, C., Cruz-Cázares, C., García-Marco, T. and Sánchez García, M. (2017), "Open innovation in the food and beverage industry", Management Decision, Vol. 55 No. 3, pp. 526-546.

Download as .RIS



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

Please note you might not have access to this content

You may be able to access this content by login via Shibboleth, Open Athens or with your Emerald account.
If you would like to contact us about accessing this content, click the button and fill out the form.
To rent this content from Deepdyve, please click the button.