To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

Multinational companies and the corporate social responsibility at home: the stakeholder approach

Eun Woo Kim (Department of Management, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA)
Soonkyoo Choe (School of Business, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea)
Jooyoung Kwak (School of Business, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea)

Management Decision

ISSN: 0025-1747

Article publication date: 23 November 2018

Issue publication date: 16 October 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to integrate stakeholder and international business (IB) theories to explore the relationship between the international diversification of emerging-market multinational corporations (EMNCs) and corporate social performance (CSP) in their home markets. While the IB literature generally assumes a positive effect from international diversification on CSP as a result of global learning, the study aims at investigating the complicated effects in the link to the stakeholder theory.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper used combined sources of public survey data (corporate social responsibility (CSR) of the Korean firms) and archival data (foreign direct investment and corporate data). A truncated regression is used for statistical model.

Findings

International diversification helps MNCs to enhance CSP in their home countries. Thus, EMNCs can develop CSR capabilities at the global level, thereby benefiting domestic stakeholders. Also, significant investment in domestic research and development (R&D) and advertising negatively moderates the relationship between international diversification and domestic CSP. In this regard, expanding R&D and advertising facilitates global competitiveness. Moreover, as international diversification increases, EMNCs may redirect resources and re-orient CSR policies toward foreign stakeholders. Consequently, the relationship between international diversification and domestic CSP weaken.

Practical implications

Acceleration in international diversification may weaken domestic CSP, which arises from transformation into the global enterprises.

Originality/value

The study highlights the difficulties of EMNCs in serving domestic stakeholders effectively when their businesses are increasingly internationalized.

Keywords

Citation

Kim, E.W., Choe, S. and Kwak, J. (2019), "Multinational companies and the corporate social responsibility at home: the stakeholder approach", Management Decision, Vol. 57 No. 9, pp. 2383-2400. https://doi.org/10.1108/MD-01-2018-0109

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited