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Emergence of cultural intelligence and global mindset capital: a multilevel model

Jase R. Ramsey (John Cook School of Business, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA)
Amine Abi Aad (Lebanese American University, Beirut, Lebanon)
Chuandi Jiang (John Cook School of Business, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA)
Livia Barakat (Fundacao Dom Cabral, Nova Lima, Brazil)
Virginia Drummond (EMLYON Business School, Ecully, France)

Multinational Business Review

ISSN: 1525-383X

Article publication date: 18 July 2016

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to establish under which conditions researchers should use the constructs cultural intelligence (CQ) and global mindset (GM). The authors further seek to understand the process through which these constructs emerge to a higher level and link unit-level knowledge, skills and abilities (KSAs) capital to pertinent firm-level outcomes.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper is a conceptual study with a multilevel model.

Findings

This paper differentiates two similar lines of research occurring concordantly on the CQ and GM constructs. Next, the authors develop a multilevel model to better understand the process through which CQ and GM emerge at higher levels and their underlying mechanisms. Finally, this paper adds meaning to the firm-level KSAs by linking firm-level KSAs capital to pertinent firm-level outcomes.

Research limitations/implications

The conclusion implies that researchers should use CQ when the context is focused on interpersonal outcomes and GM when focused on strategic outcomes. The multilevel model is a useful tool for scholars to select which rubric to use in future studies that have international managers as the subjects. The authors argue that if the scholar is interested in an individual’s ability to craft policy and implement strategy, then GM may be more parsimonious than CQ. On the other hand, if the focus is on leadership, human resources or any other relationship dependent outcome, then CQ will provide a more robust measure.

Practical implications

For practitioners, this study provides a useful tool for managers to improve individual-level commitment by selecting and training individuals high in CQ. On the other hand, if the desired outcome is firm-level sales or performance, the focus should be on targeting individuals high in GM.

Originality/value

This is the first theoretical paper to examine how CQ and GM emerge to the firm level and describe when to use each measure.

Keywords

Citation

Ramsey, J.R., Abi Aad, A., Jiang, C., Barakat, L. and Drummond, V. (2016), "Emergence of cultural intelligence and global mindset capital: a multilevel model", Multinational Business Review, Vol. 24 No. 2, pp. 106-122. https://doi.org/10.1108/MBR-12-2015-0062

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2016, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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