Promoting knowledge sharing in academic environments using non-monetary factors

Shahin Dezdar (Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran)

Library Review

ISSN: 0024-2535

Publication date: 7 November 2017



Knowledge sharing is very important in non-profit organizations such as academic institutes and universities. This research is a laudable attempt in this vital area to collaborate, refine and advance knowledge production endeavours in universities. The purpose of this study is to formulate a theoretical framework to investigate the non-monetary factors that encourage knowledge-sharing behaviour among postgraduate students.


A field survey was conducted among postgraduate students in Iranian public universities to obtain empirical evidence. Structural equation modelling was used to analyse the collected data.


The results revealed that knowledge-sharing behaviour is influenced by humility, interpersonal trust, reputation, self-efficacy and enjoyment of helping others.


Most of the prior studies focussed on rewards and monetary incentive factors to encourage knowledge sharing, whereas this paper examines the non-monetary factors that increase the willingness to share knowledge.



Dezdar, S. (2017), "Promoting knowledge sharing in academic environments using non-monetary factors", Library Review, Vol. 66 No. 8/9, pp. 595-611.

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