Performance appraisal systems in academic and research libraries in Ghana: a survey

Kwaku Agyen-Gyasi (Library, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana)
Michael Sakyi Boateng (Library, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana)

Library Review

ISSN: 0024-2535

Publication date: 2 February 2015



The purpose of this study is to discuss the impact of performance appraisal on the productivity levels of professional and para-professional librarians in selected academic and research libraries in Ghana, namely, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology Building and Road Research Institute, Crop Research Institute and the Forestry Research Institute of Ghana of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research and the Kumasi Polytechnic.


Both primary and secondary sources of data were used for the study. The primary data involved the use of a structured questionnaire to 60 respondents, but 50 of them, representing 83.3 per cent, responded. This was supplemented by secondary sources such as records on file, journals, books and Internet sources.


The survey revealed that these institutions practice performance appraisal on an annual basis as a way of promoting team work, reducing grievances, identifying employees’ strengths and weaknesses and their training needs. It was observed that these institutions do not have a common appraisal format for appraising their staff. Furthermore, only the Head Librarians carry out the appraisals instead of the Line Mangers who are always in touch with these employees on a daily basis.


The paper will be of significant value to policymakers and administrators in academic and research institutions in the planning and implementation of performance appraisal systems. Challenges facing these institutions in implementing effective performance appraisal have been highlighted and appropriate recommendations have been made to ensure quality service delivery.



Agyen-Gyasi, K. and Boateng, M.S. (2015), "Performance appraisal systems in academic and research libraries in Ghana: a survey", Library Review, Vol. 64 No. 1/2, pp. 58-81.



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