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Transformational leadership and turnover: Mediating effects of employee engagement, employer branding, and psychological attachment

Sangeeta Sahu (Department of Business Administration, University of Lucknow, Lucknow, India)
Avinash Pathardikar (VBS Purvanchal University, Jaunpur, India)
Anupam Kumar (VBS Purvanchal University, Jaunpur, India)

Leadership & Organization Development Journal

ISSN: 0143-7739

Article publication date: 7 November 2017

Issue publication date: 23 February 2018

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10080

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to report the findings of a study which examines the relationship between transformational leadership and intention to leave through the mediating role of employee engagement, employer branding, and psychological attachment.

Design/methodology/approach

Transformational leadership, employee engagement, employer branding, and psychological attachment were assessed in an empirical study based on a sample of 405 full-time employees working in information technology (IT) organizations in India. The data which were obtained using Google doc and a printed questionnaire was analyzed through structural and measurement model.

Findings

The results reveal that transformational leadership style directly influences employee intention to leave. Transformational leadership and employer branding is mediated by employee engagement. The leadership relation with psychological attachment is mediated by employer branding.

Practical implications

The implications of the study are of utmost importance for Indian IT industries facing high voluntary turnover in recent times. Transformational leaders in teams contribute to develop employee engagement, employer branding, and psychological attachment. Imparting transformational leadership training to team leaders can help in generating psychological attachment with the employees which would go a long way.

Originality/value

This study explores the relationship among transformational leadership style, employee engagement, employer branding, and psychological attachment which has not been explored theoretically and tested empirically in an Indian context.

Keywords

Citation

Sahu, S., Pathardikar, A. and Kumar, A. (2018), "Transformational leadership and turnover: Mediating effects of employee engagement, employer branding, and psychological attachment", Leadership & Organization Development Journal, Vol. 39 No. 1, pp. 82-99. https://doi.org/10.1108/LODJ-12-2014-0243

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited