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Authoritarian leadership, organizational citizenship behavior, and organizational deviance: Curvilinear relationships

Ali Ahmad Bodla (School of Economics and Management, Tongji University, Shanghai, China)
Ningyu Tang (Antai College of Economics and Management, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China)
Rolf Van Dick (Department of Psychology and Sports Sciences, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany)
Usman Riaz Mir (Knowledge Unit of Business, Economics, Accountancy and Commerce, University of Management and Technology, Sialkot, Pakistan)

Leadership & Organization Development Journal

ISSN: 0143-7739

Article publication date: 31 July 2019

Issue publication date: 31 July 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships between authoritarian leadership, organizational citizenship behavior toward one’s supervisor (OCBS) and organizational deviance. The authors hypothesized curvilinear relationships between authoritarian leadership and OCBS, and between authoritarian leadership and organizational deviance.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors analyzed two-source survey data of 240 employee–supervisor dyads collected from seven organizations in Pakistan.

Findings

Employees exhibited most OCBS and least organizational deviance at intermediate levels of authoritarian leadership. Employees’ perception of a benevolent climate at work moderated the curvilinear relations.

Research limitations/implications

The authors cannot draw causal inferences because of cross-sectional data. Furthermore, the authors’ results may be limited to cultures with high collectivism and high power distance.

Practical implications

This study envisions and illuminates a new avenue of curvilinear relationships among authoritarian leadership, OCBS and organizational deviance.

Originality/value

The two sources (employee–supervisor dyads) data collected from seven organizations supported a unique curvilinear relationship between authoritarian leadership, OCBS and organizational deviance.

Keywords

Citation

Ahmad Bodla, A., Tang, N., Van Dick, R. and Mir, U.R. (2019), "Authoritarian leadership, organizational citizenship behavior, and organizational deviance: Curvilinear relationships", Leadership & Organization Development Journal, Vol. 40 No. 5, pp. 583-599. https://doi.org/10.1108/LODJ-08-2018-0313

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited