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The effects of shared leadership on team performance

Jiyeong Han (Graduate School of Management of Technology, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea)
Jeewhan Yoon (Graduate School of Management of Technology, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea)
Woojae Choi (Business Administration, Cheongju University, Cheongju, Republic of Korea)
Gyehoon Hong (Business Administration, Inha University, Incheon, Republic of Korea)

Leadership & Organization Development Journal

ISSN: 0143-7739

Article publication date: 5 March 2021

Issue publication date: 2 June 2021

1560

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the relationship between shared leadership and team performance at the team level. Drawing on conservation of resources (COR) theory, the authors examine whether shared leadership is associated with team performance through team positive psychological capital (PsyCap). This study further examines whether task-oriented and relationship-oriented shared leadership affect team performance differently.

Design/methodology/approach

Multi-source survey data were obtained from 92 team leaders and 319 employees. An aggregation approach was used to analyze the data at the team level.

Findings

A high level of shared leadership positively influences team performance through the mediation of team PsyCap. Moreover, relationship-oriented shared leadership is positively associated with team performance through team PsyCap, while task-oriented shared leadership is negatively associated with team performance without the mediating effect of team PsyCap.

Practical implications

By focusing on the negative effects of task-oriented shared leadership and the positive effects of relationship-oriented shared leadership and team PsyCap on team performance, this study suggests new ways to manage team performance effectively and extends shared leadership literature.

Originality/value

This study applied COR theory to analyze the effect of shared leadership mediated by team PsyCap on team performance. It contributes to shared leadership literature by shedding light on the negative effects of task-oriented shared leadership and on the positive aspects of relationship-oriented shared leadership.

Keywords

Citation

Han, J., Yoon, J., Choi, W. and Hong, G. (2021), "The effects of shared leadership on team performance", Leadership & Organization Development Journal, Vol. 42 No. 4, pp. 593-605. https://doi.org/10.1108/LODJ-01-2020-0023

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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