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Challenges and opportunities of facilitating access and use of open access resources to users by librarians in federal and state universities in Nigeria

Scholastica Chizoma Ukwoma (Nnamdi Azikiwe Library, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria) (School of Interdisciplinary Research and Graduate Studies, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa)
Colette Ogugua Onyebinama (University Library, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Owerri, Nigeria)

Library Management

ISSN: 0143-5124

Article publication date: 19 July 2021

Issue publication date: 4 November 2021




The purpose of this study was to investigate the challenges and opportunities of librarians in federal and state universities in Nigeria in facilitating access to open access resources.


Using a positivist research paradigm, descriptive survey research approach was employed in the study. Five research questions guided the study. The population of the study was 79 librarians. There was no sampling. A questionnaire was used as instrument for data collection, and the data were presented in figures and tables.


The major findings of the study were that librarians are aware of open access resources. They make the resources available/visible to users by linking them to the library website and promote the use of Google and Google Scholar searches. The librarians were of the view that free online resources are important for the research process. The major challenges they face in giving users access to these resources are lack of metrics and evidence to demonstrate the value of free content.

Research limitations/implications

The study only assessed e-resources' librarians in the sampled universities at the time of this study. It may be necessary to assess the perception of users towards open access resources.

Practical implications

Adopting and implementing these opportunities to enhance users' access and use of the resources will improve service delivery without doubt. Though this study is not exhaustive, it has provided insight into the inherent opportunities of using open access resources.


For the library management and librarians, the creation of awareness on available open access resources and facilitating access to users through different strategies will not only increase access but also improve teaching, learning and research. It will also increase users' awareness on accessing other sources apart from through subscription.



The authors are grateful to all the librarians who responded to the questionnaire.


Ukwoma, S.C. and Onyebinama, C.O. (2021), "Challenges and opportunities of facilitating access and use of open access resources to users by librarians in federal and state universities in Nigeria", Library Management, Vol. 42 No. 8/9, pp. 481-497.



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